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This article will outline a few different approaches to installing the latest version of Magento using the command-line shell via SSH.

We will cover how to install Magento with and without sample data, and how to install Magento in a subdirectory or the web root directory.

The web root directory simply means what immediately comes up when you access your domain, compared to a sub-directory install, which is how Magento is setup by default.

Using SSH is the easiest and fastest way to install Magento, especially when you’re trying to setup a store with sample data. Normally, that requires you to download about 45 MB worth of data and then re-upload it to your website. With SSH, we can take advantage of the connection of the server to grab the necessary files.

Latest Stable Release

The latest stable version of Magento is 1.9.1.0 (26.6 MB)

http://www.magentocommerce.com/downloads/assets/1.9.1.0/magento-1.9.1.0.tar.gz

The latest stable version of Magento Downloader (not Magento itself!) is 1.9.0.01 (45.6 KB)

http://www.magentocommerce.com/downloads/assets/1.9.1.0/magento-downloader-1.9.1.0.tar.gz

(The downloader will install the latest stable release of Magento Commerce.)

Installing Magento With The Full Download

 

Installing Into The Website Document Root

wget http://www.magentocommerce.com/downloads/assets/1.9.1.0/magento-1.9.1.0.tar.gz
    
tar -zxvf magento-1.9.0.0.tar.gz
mv magento/* magento/.htaccess .
chmod -R o+w media var
chmod o+w app/etc

Optionally delete the download file and empty directory from the extracted files

rm -rf magento/ magento-1.9.0.0.tar.gz
Then simply follow through with the web-based installation process.

Installing Magento With The PEAR Downloader

 

Using the PEAR downloader is a convenient way to ensure that you install the latest version of Magento, as it provides a simple mechanism to install the latest stable version that is available. It is a small download and is updated less frequently than the full Magento package.

Installing Into The Website Document Root

wget http://www.magentocommerce.com/downloads/assets/1.9.0.0/magento-downloader-1.9.0.0.tar.gz 
tar -zxvf magento-downloader-1.9.0.0.tar.gz
rm -rf magento-downloader-1.9.0.0.tar.gz

Now load http://www.yourwebsite.com/downloader.php in your web browser.

Installing into a Subdirectory

For this install you only need to replace SUBDIRECTORY below (two times) with the name of the subdirectory that you want Magento installed in.

mkdir SUBDIRECTORY
cd SUBDIRECTORY
wget http://www.magentocommerce.com/downloads/assets/1.9.0.0/magento-downloader-1.9.0.0.tar.gz
tar -zxvf magento-downloader-1.9.0.0.tar.gz
rm -rf magento-downloader-1.9.0.0.tar.gz

Now load http://www.yourwebsite.com/SUBDIRECTORY/downloader.php in your web browser.

Installing Magento With The Full Download & Sample Data

 

Installing Magento with sample data is useful if you want to familiarize yourself with Magento and see how categories and products are set up.

Installing into the Root Web Directory

This is almost the same as above, except you don’t need to know the directory name. You will only have to replaceDBHOSTDBNAMEDBUSER, and DBPASS.

wget http://www.magentocommerce.com/downloads/assets/ 1.9 .0 .0/magento-1.9 .0 .0.tar.gz
tar -zxvf magento-1.9 .0 .0.tar.gz
wget http://www.magentocommerce.com/downloads/assets/ 1.9 .0 .0/magento-sample-data-1.9 .0 .0.tar.gz
tar -zxvf magento-sample-data-1.9 .0 .0.tar.gz
mv magento-sample-data-1.9 .0 .0/media/* magento/media/
mv magento-sample-data-1.9 .0 .0/magento_sample_data_for_1.9 .0 .0.sql magento/data.sql
mv magento/* magento/.htaccess* .
chmod -R o+w media var
mysql -h DBHOST -u DBUSER -pDBPASS DBNAME < data.sql
chmod o+w var var/.htaccess app/etc
rm -rf magento/ magento-sample-data-1.9 .0 .0/ magento-1.9 .0 .0.tar.gz magento-sample-data-1.9 .0 .0.tar.gz data.sql

 

Installing Magento With The PEAR Downloader & Sample Data

 

WARNING: This PEAR downloader & sample data info needs to be fixed... not working

Installing Magento with sample data is useful if you want to familiarize yourself with Magento and see how categories and products are set up.

Installing into the Root Web Directory

This is almost the same as above, except you don’t need to know the directory name. You will only have to replaceDBHOSTDBNAMEDBUSER, and DBPASS.

wget http://www.magentocommerce.com/downloads/assets/ 1.9 .0 .0/magento-downloader-1.9 .0 .0.tar.gz
wget http://www.magentocommerce.com/downloads/assets/ 1.9 .0 .0/magento-sample-data-1.9 .0 .0.tar.gz
tar -zxvf magento-downloader-1.9 .0 .0.tar.gz
tar -zxvf magento-sample-data-1.9 .0 .0.tar.gz
mv magento-sample-data-1.9 .0 .0/media/* magento/media/
mv magento-sample-data-1.9 .0 .0/magento_sample_data_for_1.9 .0 .0.sql magento/data.sql
mv magento/* magento/.htaccess .
chmod -R o+w media
mysql -h DBHOST -u DBUSER -pDBPASS DBNAME < data.sql
./pear mage-setup .
./pear install magento-core/Mage_All_Latest-stable
touch var/.htaccess | mkdir app/etc
chmod o+w var var/.htaccess app/etc
rm -rf downloader/pearlib/cache/* downloader/pearlib/download/*
rm -rf magento/ magento-sample-data-1.9 .0 .0/
rm -rf magento-downloader-1.9 .0 .0.tar.gz magento-sample-data-1.9 .0 .0.tar.gz data.sql

 

Installing into a Subdirectory

For this install, there are five things you will need to know before you copy and paste the SSH commands and run the install.

  1. Subdirectory name where Magento will be installed
  2. The database host name, localhost works for most
  3. The name of the database that Magento will use
  4. The username that has privileges to use the database
  5. The password for that user

Once you have that information, you’ll want to copy and paste the commands for the type of install you want and replace what’s there with the information from above. It’s best to copy this into notepad or something similar.

So that means you’ll be replacing the word SUBDIRECTORY below (two times) to the name of the subdirectory where you want Magento installed, and DBHOSTDBNAMEDBUSER, and DBPASS.

mkdir SUBDIRECTORY
cd SUBDIRECTORY
wget http://www.magentocommerce.com/downloads/assets/ 1.9 .0 .0/magento-downloader-1.9 .0 .0.tar.gz
wget http://www.magentocommerce.com/downloads/assets/ 1.9 .0 .0/magento-sample-data-1.9 .0 .0.tar.gz
tar -zxvf magento-downloader-1.9 .0 .0.tar.gz
tar -zxvf magento-sample-data-1.9 .0 .0.tar.gz
mv magento-sample-data-1.9 .0 .0/media/* magento/media/
mv magento-sample-data-1.9 .0 .0/magento_sample_data_for_1.9 .0 .0.sql magento/data.sql
mv magento/* magento/.htaccess .
chmod -R o+w media
mysql -h DBHOST -u DBUSER -pDBPASS DBNAME < data.sql
./pear mage-setup .
./pear install magento-core/Mage_All_Latest-stable
touch var/.htaccess | mkdir app/etc
chmod o+w var var/.htaccess app/etc
rm -rf downloader/pearlib/cache/* downloader/pearlib/download/*
rm -rf magento/ magento-sample-data-1.9 .0 .0/
rm -rf magento-downloader-1.9 .0 .0.tar.gz magento-sample-data-1.9 .0 .0.tar.gz data.sql

Running the Web-Based Installer to Finish the Installation

After you have installed Magento via SSH, you can proceed through the web-based installer. You’ll use the same database details in that as well.

You can actually bypass the web-based installer and use the Command Line Interface (CLI) instead.

Alternatively, there’s an SSH script you can use that automates both the main steps of this article and the CLI installer.

Troubleshooting

 

Permissions not correct/insufficient

In case not all permissions are set correctly, run the commands discussed in http://devdocs.magento.com/guides/m1x/install/installer-privileges_after.html

URL Not Accessible

If you receive an error message that says URL not accessible, you’ll want to remove the following lines:

./pear mage-setup .
./pear install magento-core/Mage_All_Latest-stable

After you’ve gone through the web-based installer, then you can run those two commands to upgrade Magento to the lastest version, or use Magento Connect.

404 Error On Sample Products

If you get a 404 error when clicking on a product from the main page, you’ll need to login the backend of Magento and go to System > Cache Management.

In the Catalog section, click on the Refresh button for Catalog Rewrites.

This will also fix the URL structure for the categories and rest of the products.

Download An Archived Magento Connect Extension

If for some reason you need to download a Magento Connect extension archive from command line, use the following :

wget http://connect.magentocommerce.com/TYPE/get/EXTENSION_NAME-X.X.X.tgz

TYPE must be replaced with real extension type(usually core or community), EXTENSION_NAME with real(machine readable) extension name and X.X.X must be replaced with the real version number. To retrieve real TYPE and the real machine readable EXTENSION_NAME simply look at it’s extension key and take into a count it’s format magento-TYPE/EXTENSION_NAME.

Use PEAR to download and install Magento Connect Extension

If you also need some extension to be installed from command line, then use following:

./pear install EXTENSION_KEY

And refresh the cache (System → Cache Management)

This way extension will be properly deployed(i.e. app, frontend template/layout, etc. will be copied to it’s places) and activated.

If you simply need to download archived extension package for some reason, use following:

./pear download EXTENSION_KEY

NOTE: in order to have properly functioning ./pear command, your magento instance must be installed following one of the steps explained at this page.

 

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